It is clear that fundamental change is needed. Women Cross DMZ and the Quincy Institute will argue in a future report that both Trump`s „maximum pressure“ and Obama`s „strategic patience“ have not solved the crisis, Ahn announced Monday at the Forum. Together with other peace groups, they will call for a new approach based on a comprehensive peace agreement. „Peace is the precondition for denuclearization and the improvement of human rights, not the other way around,“ Ahn said. Kim wants Trump to sign a peace declaration – an agreement that says the Korean War is over and America will never attack North Korea – before making nuclear concessions. Trump promised Kim to do so shortly after the June summit in Singapore. According to Gallucci, the framework agreed in 1994 set a precedent for solving North Korea`s nuclear and military problems.   David C. Kang, director of the University of Southern California Korean Studies Institute and professor of international relations, reviewed efforts to date to resolve nuclear problems based on years of negotiations between the United States and North Korea.
The United States supports the denuclearization of North Korea before any security deal, and North Korea refuses to give up its nuclear weapons until a security deal is reached.      Denuclearization talks between the Democratic People`s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United States have stopped without agreement since the second summit between SUPREME DPRK leader Kim Jong Un and U.S. President Donald Trump in February 2019 in the Vietnamese capital Hanoi. The legal basis of the U.S.-ROK alliance is the 1953 Mutual Defense Treaty. A peace agreement between the United States and North Korea has no legal impact on the mutual defence treaty, which can only be terminated if both sides choose to do so. Ultimately, the question of whether or not U.S. troops should remain in South Korea should be decided by the South Korean people. However, the Trump administration insists Kim must first reduce his nuclear arsenal by 60-70% – or make another major concession – before the United States signs a peace declaration.